Kidney Stones In Men

It wouldn’t be wrong if I say that one of the most extreme kinds of pain is caused by kidney stones. The little stones sitting in the kidney are capable of moving a man’s world upside down. Getting kidney stone is a common condition. Records say that kidney stones are more common in men as compared to women. One in every twenty men develops kidney stone once in his lifetime.

What Is Kidney Stones?

Known as nephrolithiasis or renal calculi in medical terms, kidney stones are solid, crystalline mineral materials that are formed in the kidney or in any part of the urinary tract. Stones develop in kidney when there is a decline in the urine volume or a hike in the amount of stone- forming substances in urine. They are known to cause a severe pain.

What Are The Different Kinds Of Kidney Stones?

Different types of kidney stones are:

  • Calcium stones: Made up of calcium oxalate, they are the most common kinds of stones.
  • Uric acid stones: Uric acid stones are very common in men. They are common in men going under chemotherapy and those suffering from gout.
  • Cystine stones: They are very rare kind of kidney stones. They are related to the genetic defect cystinuria.
  • Struvite stones: They are commonly found in women.

What Are The Risk Factors Of Kidney Stones?

Following are the factors that increase the susceptibility of kidney stones:

  • Age: They are more likely to occur between 20 to 40 years of age.
  • Sex: They are more common in makes than in females.
  • Family History: If you have a family history of kidney stones, your chances of getting kidney stones increases.
  • Less Urine: people who make less than 1 litre of urine each day are at the greatest risk of developing kidney stones.
  • Dehydration increases chance of getting kidney stones
  • Taking high amount of glucose, protein and salt in diet also increases the susceptibility to get kidney stones.
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • People with inflammatory bowel diseases are also at a great risk
  • Men who have undergone gastric bypass surgery
  • Men who are on medications like diuretics, calcium- based antacids or anti - seizure drugs

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Kidney Stones?

The common signs and symptoms are:

  • The major symptom of kidney stone is severe pain in abdomen and back. The pain may radiate to the groin area.
  • Occurrence of blood in urine
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Passing discoloured urine
  • Passing foul - smelling urine
  • Passing small amount of urine
  • Frequent urge to urinate

How Are Kidney Stones Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of kidney stones is done on the basis of:

  • History
  • Physical examination
  • Blood tests for calcium, uric acid, phosphorous and electrolytes
  • BUN and creatinine to determine kidney function
  • Urine examination
  • X-ray
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI
  • CT Scan
  • Pyelogram (intravenous and retrograde)

What Is The Treatment Of Kidney Stones?

  • Medications like diuretics, allopurinol for uric acid stones, phosphorous solutions, sodium citrate or sodium bicarbonate.
  • Lithotrispy
  • Tunnel surgery
  • Ureteroscopy